From Hand-Drawn Sketching to Laser Cutting - A Proof of Concept Prototype and Pilot Study

DS 94: Proceedings of the Design Society: 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED19)

Year: 2019
Editor: Wartzack, Sandro; Schleich, Benjamin; Gon
Author: Kohtala, Sampsa; Steinert, Martin
Series: ICED
Institution: Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Section: Design creativity
DOI number:
ISSN: 2220-4342


Sketching ideas and building physical prototypes are common in early stage product development. They are used for learning, testing ideas, proving concepts and sharing knowledge. Laser cutting is a popular tool for making physical prototypes due to its accuracy, robustness and speed. Computer aided design and vector graphics software are the main tools used for designing parts for laser cutting. Several sketch-based interfaces have been developed to support the process, using tools such as stylus pens with intuitive sketch-like commands.

A proof-of-concept prototype for capturing a hand drawn sketch and converting it to a laser cuttable file has been developed. In this pilot study we attempt to discover when drawing design by hand on paper can be better or more efficient than conventional methods, for developing physical prototypes with laser cutting in the context of early stage product development. This includes testing the accuracy of the tool, a pilot experiment comparing drawing speed and accuracy, example use cases utilizing pencil and paper, and a simple design challenge experiment.

Keywords: Early design phases, Conceptual design, Design process, Sketching, Laser cutting


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