Designing for legal practitioners: Lessons learned from legal tech development and implementation

DS 122: Proceedings of the Design Society: 24th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED23)

Year: 2023
Editor: Kevin Otto, Boris Eisenbart, Claudia Eckert, Benoit Eynard, Dieter Krause, Josef Oehmen, Nadège Troussier
Author: Đurić, Marko (1); Martinec, Tomislav (2); Porobija, Marko (1); Štorga, Mario (2,3)
Series: ICED
Institution: 1: Law Firm Porobija & Špoljarić LLC;2: University of Zagreb, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture;3: Luleå University of Technology
Section: Design Methods
Page(s): 1377-1386
DOI number:


Recently, the design and digitalisation approaches have become increasingly utilised in the legal context, typically under the names of legal design and legal tech. One of their goals is to help legal practitioners be more efficient and to provide better quality and more comprehensive legal services. Also, given that both movements rely heavily on participatory and co-design, they will require increased support not only from design practitioners but also from design researchers and educators. Therefore, this paper investigates, from a design research viewpoint, the opportunities and challenges of developing and implementing legal tech, with a particular focus on legal practitioners. It reports on four cases of designing legal tech solutions and their implementation in a law firm. The main insights are related to the importance of value perception through participatory and co-design, the need for efficient and effective testing methodologies, and the opportunity to test a wide range of design methods and tools in the legal context. The paper also complements the legal design and legal tech literature with additional arguments on why designing in the legal context is challenging compared to designing in other domains.

Keywords: Legal tech, Legal design, Service design, Participatory design, Case study

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