DS 122: Proceedings of the Design Society: 24th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED23)

Year: 2023
Editor: Kevin Otto, Boris Eisenbart, Claudia Eckert, Benoit Eynard, Dieter Krause, Josef Oehmen, Nad
Author: Steinhauser, Niklas; Zimmerer, Christoph; Grauberger, Patric; Nelius, Thomas; Matthiesen, Sven
Series: ICED
Institution: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT)
Section: Design Methods
Page(s): 2015-2024
DOI number:


Product development is time-consuming and cost-intensive. Part of the costs can be attributed to physical tests. Therefore, new methods are being researched to save resources. One upcoming area that becomes important for the industry is Virtual Reality (VR) technology.

In the state of research studies have already compared VR with methods such as CAD visualizations. However, there is a need for research regarding the comparison to physical models.

Therefore, a comparative study between a physical system and a VR system is evaluated in terms of functional analysis. The study task was to analyze the mechanism of a lawn sprinkler. For evaluation, a function explanation in a final interview was used.

Although more different representations were possible with VR, there was no general improvement. This could be because movements were more difficult to visualize and recognize. The VR application is very suitable if you mainly have to look at systems that are difficult to view in reality. For example, some physical systems may be challenging to see in operation or may not allow a physical cut, so VR can be a solution. The advantages of physical systems can be in using other impressions, such as a feeling of certain forces.

Keywords: Virtual reality, Design engineering, Design cognition, Human behaviour in design

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