Optimisation of a design-to-fabrication framework for individualised homeless housing design in Melbourne, Australia.

DS 122: Proceedings of the Design Society: 24th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED23)

Year: 2023
Editor: Kevin Otto, Boris Eisenbart, Claudia Eckert, Benoit Eynard, Dieter Krause, Josef Oehmen, Nad
Author: Anam, Nadia Haquillah Deviana; Tan, Linus
Series: ICED
Institution: Swinburne University of Technology
Section: Design Methods
Page(s): 2845-2854
DOI number: https://doi.org/10.1017/pds.2023.285


Digital design tools and technologies offer new opportunities for designers to generate a diverse range of design solutions. Previous research have discussed the multifaceted use of such technologies for 1) rapid visualisations, 2) generating design options, and 3) predicting design solutions. However, such research have focused more on simplifying design for fabrication and less on the integration of individual needs in design processes. This research adopts a human-centric design approach to merge user-to-design and design-to-fabrication processes. Through a scoping review on homelessness, design, and fabrication, we contribute a user-design-fabrication framework devised for the specific and dynamic needs of homeless individuals living in Melbourne, Australia. Our findings suggests that to optimise digital design processes for individuals with specific and dynamic needs, designers need to understand, translate, and embed the social, design, and fabrication complexities of a design problem. Future research should therefore test the real-world application of our user-design-fabrication framework and evaluate the impact of such digital design processes, for the provision of more individualised homeless housing design solutions.

Keywords: Optimisation, Design process, User centred design, Design-to-fabrication, Homeless housing

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