Requirements for a Smart Product-Service System Development Framework

DS 122: Proceedings of the Design Society: 24th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED23)

Year: 2023
Editor: Kevin Otto, Boris Eisenbart, Claudia Eckert, Benoit Eynard, Dieter Krause, Josef Oehmen, Nadège Troussier
Author: Paliyenko, Yevgeni (1); Heinz, Daniel (2); Schiller, Christian (3); Tüzün, Gregory-Jamie (1); Roth, Daniel (1); Kreimeyer, Matthias (1)
Series: ICED
Institution: 1: University of Stuttgart;2: Karlsruhe Institute of Technology;3: Fraunhofer Institute of Indsutrial Engineering
Section: Design Methods
Page(s): 3085-3094
DOI number:


Nowadays, companies operate in increasingly competitive and dynamic markets with fast-changing customer needs. Simultaneously, major advances are being made in information and communication technologies, and the digitization of products is progressing. Based on these economic and technological trends, smart product-service systems (PSS) are emerging as a new form of business model. Recent studies show that the transition to developing smart PSS is a major challenge for companies and that they require methodological support, as their internal structures are undergoing significant changes.

In order to provide a sound basis for support, we have undertaken a comprehensive study to identify requirements for a smart PSS development framework. 24 interviews and 5 workshops with companies that have recently focused on the development of smart PSS provide a rich set of empirical data to explore the challenges faced by companies today. We systematically analyzed the data and evaluated the results with our respondents. To increase the robustness and generalizability of our findings, we performed a contextual literature review and analyzed additional cases. This led us to a set of 17 requirements for a smart PSS development framework.

Keywords: Product-Service Systems (PSS), Systems Engineering (SE), Requirements, Development Framework, Design Methods

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