The design mindset inventory (D-Mindset0): a preliminary instrument for measuring design mindset.

DS 122: Proceedings of the Design Society: 24th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED23)

Year: 2023
Editor: Kevin Otto, Boris Eisenbart, Claudia Eckert, Benoit Eynard, Dieter Krause, Josef Oehmen, Nad
Author: Lavrsen, Jakob Clemen (1); Daalhuizen, Jaap (1); Carbon, Claus-Christian (2)
Series: ICED
Institution: 1: Technical University of Denmark - DTU; 2: University of Bamberg
Section: Design Methods
Page(s): 3355-3364
DOI number:


Mindset has been identified as an essential aspect of design and innovation, impacting both behaviours and performance. However, the concept of design mindset is elusive. Often design mindset is used indistinguishably from design behaviour, diminishing the complexity of the mechanisms and cognitive processes underlying design behaviour. As the initial step in researching these mechanisms, we operationalise the concept of design mindset and present the design mindset inventory (D-Mindset0) to measure it. The initial inventory centered around 16 agreement-to-value statements related to design practice. To analyse the inventory, we conducted an exploratory factor analysis based on 473 master students from different engineering disciplines participating in a course on innovation in engineering. The analysis revealed a four-factor structure with 11 final items. The four factors align with the concepts of ‘conversation with the situation,’ ‘iteration,’ ‘co-evolution of problem-solution,’ and ‘imagination.’

Keywords: Design mindset, Design theory, Psychometrics, Research methodologies and methods, Design cognition

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